Theme II : Federalism and Ethnic Conflict Regulation
This particular theme considers what drives continuity and change in ethnic conflict management, with a particular focus on the North East of India, and the process of state reorganization, following the rather acrimonious formation of Telangana (out of Andhra Pradesh) in 2014.
The network members of this theme will be addressing the following questions:
(1) has coalition government at the centre produced a more accommodative pattern of ethnic conflict regulation, or do we see more evidence of continuity (high securitization strategy coupled with fast-tracking of economic development through state subsidies in the region)? What is the nature of the political discourse of the centre in relation to the North East? What is the (changing) role of the North East Council in projecting the needs of the periphery at the centre?
(2) a critical assessment of the Autonomous Councils for tribal communities (with a focus on the Bodo Territorial Council). To what extent has the creation of this council addressed tribal grievances or fuelled more ethnic violence where it is felt that such councils do not necessarily address the needs of the local majority?
(3) a critical assessment of the current arrangements in place in Nagaland
(4) understanding and explaining the process that led to the creation of Telengana in 2014 and how this process was qualitatively different from earlier state formations (especially the 3 North Indian states created in 2000). How will the 'Telengana case' affect the BJP's approach to further state reorganization?
(5) How do processes of ethnic conflict management in the NE relate to conflict management approaches in Kashmir (currently PDP-BJP ruled after the November 2014 state elections) and the Punjab.
Working papers on these issues will be uploaded towards the end of 2015