Theme I : Federalism and Intergovernmental Relations
In this particular theme, we look at the extent to which the so-called 'shared rule' institutions at the centre have adjusted to the changing complexion in Indian party politics and the liberalization of the Indian economy.
In particular, how have both events affected
(1) the institutionalization of intergovernmental relations, through the Planning Commission (and its recent replacement with the NITI Aayog), National Development Council, Inter-State Council, Centre-State ministerial and secretarial conferences?
(2) more adversarial intergovernmental relations, with more disputes between the centre and the states, which may or may not lead to Supreme Court intervention or other dispute resolution settlements
(3) a different understanding of the role of the President and Governors in the Indian multi-level framework;
(4) a different understanding of the role of the Rajya Sabha (federal second chamber) or its continuing existence as the 'weak link' in India's legislative federalism
(5) changing dynamics in the coordination between the centre and the states on centrally designed programmes that are heavily reliant on state implementation, such as MGNREGA (Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act), health policy (for instance Rural Health Mission) or ICDS (Integrated Child Development Scheme)
Working papers on these themes will be uploaded towards the end of 2015.